Articles - محمد علی همایون کاتوزیان :: Homa Katouzian



There is no universal theory of revolutions if only because no scientific theory can be universal. Neither is there even a general theory of European revolutions. But elements of such a theory do exist, including the crucial fact that European revolutions, though very different in time and space, were revolts against the ruling social [...]

Ribā is Forbidden but Interest is Permitted in Islam

I. The problem If there is one thing on which all the different Islamic sects are united, it is the law of prohibition of ribā.  Yet, the precise application of the law has always been a subject of argument and interpretation among Islamic jurists (fuqahā) and religious leaders.  In recent years, the significant increase in income and wealth [...]

Sa‘di and Sufism

Homa Katouzian Despite his universally acclaimed eloquence and clarity of expression, Sa‘di’s opinions, attitudes and ideas have been described in different, frequently conflicting, terms. He has been described as a sceptic, a pragmatist, a humanitarian, a moralist, an unethical writer, a religious preacher, and an Islamic mystic. Often, a [...]

Poetry of the Constitutional Revolution

Homa Katouzian The Constitutional Revolution saw a flowering of young poetical talents who wrote mostly on social and political subjects and published them immediately in newspapers and political tracts. Their poetry was unmistakably fresh and modern, often experimenting with modified classical and neo-classical structures, innovating new figures [...]